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The country Nepal is pronounced as NAY PAHL. It is a land locked mountainous Himalayan country in southern Asia, located between India and China. Currently over 28.5 million people of different races and tribes, living in different regions, wearing different costumes and speaking different languages occupy a total of 147,181 square kilometer (885 km east to west, and 193 km north to south) of this tiny Himalayan country. Nepal is one of the world's poorest countries, about half the population of Nepal lives below the poverty line.


Nepal is a little larger than North Carolina state of America. Nepal is geographically, culturally, and linguistically diverse. The capital of Nepal is 'Kathmandu' but many love to call it by the name Kastmandap or Wooden-mandala or simply by the name `city of temples'. Nepal is a Himalayas, artistic monuments, exotic wildlife, and a unique harmony of diversified cultures. Nepal attracts visitors for casual holidays, tours, and adventure activities including `Everest Expedition'. Nepal is also popular for having its land the birth place of Lord Buddha, and birth place of Lord Sita. Agriculture and Tourism are two important revenues that keep this nation exist.


Himalayan country of Nepal
Nepal is a land-locked country; it has no oceans or seas bordering by India and China; both of neighbor country is the biggest countries in south and east pacific Asia. Nepal looks tiny on the map. But we say "Nepal is small on the outside, but it is big inside! If you look at the area of the country, it appears small.


Nepal known the country
Nepal is country of birth place Lord Buddha at Lumbini, which is located western part of Nepal known as Terai, near the Indian border of Raxaul. Nepal also has the birth place of Hindu Lord Sita, located at Janakpur also at Terai region. Nepal is also known by the world as having the highest point Sherpa Tibetan call Chomolungma, Nepali Sagarmatha and English Mount Everest 8848 meter. Nepal is also known by the legendary warriors, the Gorkhas who fought in world wars with their unique knives known as Khukuri. Gorkhas would fight against the guns in battle and their bravery was of remarkable one. Nepal is a natural beauty, here water and natural resources are plentiful the elevation from 65 – 8848 M.


The common form of greeting in Nepali
Common form of greeting in Nepal is called `Namaste' welcome or `Namaskar bye and it is both a spoken greeting and a gesture. Proper way to say and use a gesture is to put your palms together and bring it about few inches below your chin or how ever feels comfortable, with head gently bowed, you say Namastay In Sanskrit language "Namas" means becoming silent, bending, and humbly submitting, and "Te" means "to you". Thus, namaste means I bow to you'. Did you know that Sanskrit is one of the oldest languages of the world which is still active! The word Namaste has many meanings such as Hello, How are you? I am glad to see you, nice to meet you, good morning, I bless the divine in you, good bye, see you again.


The currency of Nepal
Nepalese currency is spelled as Nepalese Rupees or Rupee (Rs) or Nepali Rupee, and in short it is written NRS or RS. 100 Paisa equals 1 Rs. Currently Notes of the following denominations are used: 1000, 500, 100, 50, 25, 10, 5, 2, and 1 rupees. Coin hasn't been popular in Nepal and hence is almost always ignored in business. The coins of the following denominations can be found: 1 paisa, 5 paisa, 10 paisa, 50 paisa and 1 Rs, 2 Rs, and 5 Rs. It is recommended that you travel with smaller notes in less populated areas, while large notes are easily accepted elsewhere. The ATM machine is everywhere wich makes easy when you traveling in the city in Kathmandu or any other major city in Nepal.


Nepali Food like? How is it cooked
Nepali food is called Dal Bhat Tarkari which is Lentil sauce, Rice, and Curry in English. Achar (the pickle) makes it a complete dish. Generally speaking Nepail food is really the rice which is eaten twice a day as a lunch and a dinner. Most people have just tea for break-fast. In cities, use of bread, scrambled and boiled eggs are common form of break-fast. Nepali Tea is made by boiling loose tea in a pot with water, milk and sugar.


Best time to travel in the Himalaya country Nepal
When traveling abroad, climatic factors always remain an important issue. Your best time for Nepal is October to November or February to April. Visit Nepal during October to November, as this is the time when you can expect better visibility, the air is fresh, and the weather is perfect and that the Nepalese most important festivals (Dashain & Tihar) are marked during that season. May to June is also a good time to travel although the weather is hot and dusty- you can live with that; wear a mask and a Nepali Topi (Cap) and learn how Nepalese get along with this period. December to January is the winter season in Nepal, which is also a good time to travel; the climate and visibility is good. Snow jackets and sweaters are recommended. Monsoon starts from Mid June to September; traveling during this period is not advisable unless you are the one who loves best in everything or finds best from anything. Just bring your raincoat during that season, and have a blast !


Nepal has four Seasons
01=Winter: December-February 02=Spring: March-May
03=Summer: June-August 04=Autumn: September-November


About Weather of Nepal
The weather in Nepal varies from sub tropical to meditation. The capital, Kathmandu reaches below 1 Degree Celsius (34F) during the winter and rises to an average 32 Degree Celsius (90 F) during the summer. Most Nepalese do not have heating and air conditioning system and hence the temperatures are more uncomfortable during extreme seasons. Most hotels and lodges are equipped with Heater and Air Conditioner. The temperature during the winter also rises to 15 to 20 degree Celsius during the day. The Terai region has temperature somewhat equivalent to that of Delhi / India where temperature can reach up to 44 Degree Celsius (111Fahrenheit) during the summer season.


Travelling By Air
Nepal Airlines is the national flag carrier of Nepal with flights to/from Delhi, Kuala Lumpur, Dubai, Bangkok and Hong Kong. Other international airlines operating from/ to Kathmandu are Air Arabia (Sharjah), Air China (Lhasa, Chengdu), Arke Fly(Amsterdam ), Bahrain Air (Bahrain ), Biman Bangladesh (Dhaka), China Southern Airlines (Guanzhou), China Eastern (Kunming), Dragon Air (Hong Kong), Buddha Air Kathmandu Paro – Kathmandu,Druk Air (Delhi, Paro), Etihad Airways (Abu Dhabi),Fly Dubai (Dubai), GMG Airlines (Dhaka), Gulf Air (Bahrain, Muscat), Indian Airlines (Delhi, Kolkotta, Varanasi), Jet Airways (Delhi, Mumbai), Jet Lite (Delhi), Kingfisher Airlines (Delhi), Korean Air (Seoul), Pakistan International Airlines (Karachi), Qatar Airways (Doha), Silk Air (Singapore) and Thai Airways (Bangkok).

Airfares fluctuate with the changes in exchange rates and are to be paid in foreign currency by foreign nationals. Only Nepalese and Indian nationals are permitted to pay in rupees for air passage between Nepal and India. Departure flight tickets should be reconfirmed three days in advance to avoid inconveniences by possible flight cancellation or changes in the flight schedule. Overweight luggage charges are levied in foreign exchange.


Traveling by road/Entry Points
All visitors entering Nepal by land must use these designated entry points and may not enter from any other point:


Nepal-India border
Kakarbhitta, Birgunj, Belhiya, Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj, Dhangadi, Mahendra Nagar


Nepal – Tibet, China border
Kodari, and Hilsa Simikot
Overland tourists entering the country with their vehicles must possess an international carnet.



Foreigner who intends to visit Nepal must hold valid passport or any travel document equivalent to passport issued by the government for visiting a foreign country prior to apply for visa.


Tourist Visa from the Airport
The tourist visa at the entry point or at Airport for that make sure to bring a valid passport over six month and two passport size photographs.


A. Entry:
No foreigner is entitled to enter into and stay in Nepal without valid visa. Tourist entry visa can be obtained for the following duration from Nepalese Embassy or Consulate or other mission offices or immigration offices located on entry points in Nepal.

B. Chinese citizen are requested to apply in Nepalese visa before entry Nepal with any Nepal Embassy or other Nepalese diplomatic missions as there is provision of an arrival visa for them.

C. Visa Fee:
Visa fee required to obtain Tourist Visa from Nepalese diplomatic agencies and entry points:
U S $ 25 or equivalent foreign currency for Tourist Visa with Multiple Entry for 15 days.
US $ 40 or equivalent foreign currency for Tourist Visa with Multiple Entry for 30 days
US $ 100 or equivalent foreign currency for Tourist Visa with Multiple Entry for 100 days
Regardless of the provision stated in 1 and 2, tourists with passport from South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) nations aren’t required to pay visa fee for 30 days.

D. Fee required extending duration of visa or renew visa:
A. US $ 30 for 15 day minimum or equivalent Nepalese currency for extension
B. Additional U S $ 20 or equivalent Nepalese currency on visa fee as per 2(b), Multiple Entry facility is required for the extended period.
C. If foreign visitors that haven’t renewed their visa want to renew their visa, they have to pay additional Nepalese currency equivalent to US 3 $ on the regular extension fee.
D. Foreign visitors who have to overstay the visa period of 150 days without extension are required to pay visa fee as per provision in 2 (c) and punishment as per Clause 10 sub-clause 4 of Immigration Act 2049.
E. Regardless of provision stated in 2(a), 15 days is counted as minimum extension period and visa fee is charged accordingly. For extension period more than 15 days, visa fee is charged as per the provision of 2(a).


Entry Procedures & Visa Rules
Nepal Government has approved free visa for summiteers of Mt. Everest and Mt. Dhaulagiri for the rest of 2010 and Nepal Tourism Year 2011. The Government has approved 50 percent concession on the Royalty of Mt. Dhaulagiri in this period."


A. Tourist Visa
Visa Facility Duration Fee
Multiple entry 15 days US$ 25 or equivalent convertible currency
Multiple entry 30 days US$ 40 or equivalent convertible currency
Multiple entry 90 days US$ 100 or equivalent convertible currency


B. Gratis (Free) Visa
Gratis visa for 30 days is available only for nationals of SAARC countries. However, for extension of visa for SAARC nationals, the rule is same as that of other nationals.

Indian nationals do not require visa to enter into Nepal.


For Visa Extension:
Tourists can stay for a maximum of 150 days in a visa year (Jan 1 to Dec 31) extending the visa at the rate of 2 US $ per day. However, a minimum amount of 30 US$ has to be paid for a period of 15 days or less.


Custom Formalities

Any visitor bringing in more than 5000 US$ or equivalent amount in any other currency/currencies must declare the currency/currencies at the Customs Office in the Airport.

All baggage must be declared and cleared through the customs on arrival at the entry point. Personal effects are permitted free entry. Passengers arriving at Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) without any dutiable goods can proceed through the Green Channel for quick clearance without a baggage check. If you are carrying dutiable articles, you have to pass through the Red Channel for detailed customs clearance.


Apart from used personal belongings, visitors are allowed to bring to Nepal free of duty: cigarettes (200 sticks) or cigars (50 sticks), distilled liquor (one 1.15 liter bottle), and film (15 rolls). You can also bring in the following articles free of duty on condition that you take them out with you when you leave: binoculars, movie or video camera, still camera, laptop computer, and portable music system.


The export of antiques requires special certification from the Department of Archeology, National Archive Building, Ram Shah Path, Kathmandu. It is illegal to export objects over 100 years old, such as sacred images, paintings, manuscripts that are valued for culture and religious reasons. Visitors are advised not to purchase such items as they are Nepal's cultural heritage and belong here.

For more information on customs matters, contact the Chief Customs Administrator, TIA Customs Office (Phone: 4470110, 4472266).


Foreign Currency and Credit Cards
Payment in hotels, travel agencies, and airlines are made in foreign exchange. Credit cards like American Express, Master and Visa are widely accepted at major hotels, shops, and restaurants. Remember to keep your Foreign Exchange Encashment Receipt while making foreign exchange payments or transferring foreign currency into Nepalese rupees. The receipts may be needed to change left-over Nepalese Rupees into hard currency before leaving the country. However, only 10 percent of the total amount may be converted by the bank. ATM is widely in use in Kathmandu.


Major banks, hotels and exchange counters at Tribhuvan International Airport provide services for exchanging foreign currency.


Exchange rates are published in English dailies such as The Rising Nepal, The Kathmandu Post and The Himalayan Times. Nepalese Rupees are found in denominations of Rupees 1000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1. Coins are found in denominations of Rupees 5, 2 and 1. One rupee equals 100 paisa.


Time and Business Hours
Nepal is five hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT.


Business hours within the Valley: Government offices are open from 10 am to 5 p.m. Sunday through Thursday and close at 3pm on Friday in the Kathmandu Valley. During the winter, they close at 4 pm. Most Business offices are open from 10 am to 5 p.m. Sunday through Friday. Embassies and international organizations are open from 9 am to 5 pm Monday through Friday. Most shops open after 10 am and close at about 8 pm and are usually closed on Saturdays.


Business hours outside the Valley: Government offices outside Kathmandu valley open from 10 am to 5 p.m. from Sunday through Thursday. On Fridays they remain open until 3 pm. Banks are open from Sunday through Thursday from 10 am to 3 pm. On Fridays, banks remain open until 12 pm only. Business offices are open from 10 am to 5 pm Sunday through Friday. Recently many private banks have re-organized to have different branches open at various different times making banking hours longer. If one branch is closed another will be open.


Holidays: Nepal observes numerous holidays, at the least a couple in a month. So please check the holiday calendar. The longest holiday in Nepal is during the Dashain festival in late September or October. Government offices observe all the national holidays and banks observe most of them. Businesses observe major holidays only.


Communication Facilities

Postal Services: The Central Post Office located near Dharahara Tower, is open from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Sunday through Friday. The counters are open from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. and provide stamps, postcards and aerogram. Post Restate is available Sunday through Friday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Express Mail Service (EMS) is available at GPO and at Thamel, Basantapur and airport postal counters.


Telephone Services: Telephone and fax services are available at the Nepal Telecommunications Corporation at Tripureshwar. Hotels and private communications centers provide long distance telephone and fax facilities. For calling from outside, country code for Nepal is 977 and the area code for Kathmandu is 1.


Internet Services: There are countless Internet cafes and communication centers have opened up in the Valley and around the country. Visitors only have to find a place they are most comfortable in to use the facilities to keep in touch with home. Internet services are also offered by hotels.


Media: Nepali media has made a gigantic leap ahead in just a few years time and what used to be a controlled and tight knit community, is no more. The government audio and television news networks are Radio Nepal and Nepal Television respectively. However, numerous FM radio stations and regional television stations are dominating the market. Major Nepali daily newspapers are Gorkhapatra and Kantipur, while the English dailies are The Rising Nepal, The Kathmandu Post and The Himalayan Times. A number of other newspapers and magazines are also available.


Electricity: Major towns have electricity and the voltage available is 220-volts and 50 cycles. Load shedding is a seasonal phenomenon during the dry season and eases off once it begins to rain. However, most major hotels have uninterrupted power supply through their own generators.

Traveling in Nepal
Nepal is one of the safes country in Asia to Travel on mountain or in City. Nepal has Tourist-Police patrolling most cities offering immediate help to tourists. Trekking Agency and Travel operators have added extra security measures in their travel plans. Most hotels are equipped with extra security guards and are in immediate contact with the local police in case of emergency. Traveling to Nepal is safe. Much of the media hype scaring people to visit Nepal has failed because Nepal is so beautiful it will attract you - Nepal is a magnet! To travel in Nepal you can travel alone or with group it is 100 % safe and you will enjoy travel in Nepal take lot memories back to home with you.


Trekking Permit
Trekking permit is only required to trek in the restricted areas such as Upper and Lower Dolpa, Mustang Kanchanjunga. Tsum Valley, Manaslu, Permit can be obtained easily from the Department of Immigration through Trekking Agency Kathmandu or from Pokhara the permit will be arranged by Trekking Agency before your arrival in Kathmandu, Nepal. The rest of areas required TIMS Card Trekking information management system (TIMS).

The most popular Trekking rout do not need Trekking Permit just TIMS Card and national part enters fee which all private by Trekking Agency in Kathmandu.


Especial or restricted areas which has been opened for group Trekking or Mountaineering route in Nepal.
1-MAKALU Region: Kimathang, Chepuwa, Hatiya and Pawakhola 2-TAPLEJUNG Region: Olanchungola, Lelep, Papung and Yamphuding 3-SANKHUWASABHA Region: all Trekking routs 4-SOLUKHUMBHU Region: Thame – Nangpala the way to Tibet China 5-DHOLAKHA Region: Rolwaling and Lambaghart 6-RASUWA Region: Ganesh Himal and Timbur Land way to Tibet Border 7-GORKHA Region: Manaslu and Tsum Valley 8-MANANG Region: Nar-phu Tilche and Thoche Valley 9-MUSTANG Region: all Upper Mustang 10-DOLPO Region: upper and Lower all Regions 11-HUMLA Region: all Humla 12 MUGU Region: Mugu, Dolpu and Pulu 13-BAJHANG Region: Khanda, Saipa and Dhuli 14-DARCHULA Region: Byas and upper Region.

All above Trekking rout need the trekking permit it will be issued only by Trekking Agency in Kathmandu.


Looking forward to hear from you

Himal Sonam Treks & Expedition Pvt. Ltd.
Boudha Kathmandu, Nepal